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The registration specialist will not question such a statement unless information elsewhere in the registration materials suggests otherwise arthritis pain worse after exercise generic 4 mg medrol amex. In such cases, the preexisting mask work may be described simply by the title or previous registration number. Applicants may not divide a single mask work into multiple registrations unless different portions of the mask work were first commercially exploited on different dates. There is one exception: a 1991 amendment to the regulations permits separate registrations of an unpersonalized gate array and the custom metallization layer(s) despite the existence of a completed final form that combines the two. In such cases, the registration specialist will communicate with the applicant to amend space 8 so that it clearly limits the claim to the mask work contained within the chip. If space 9 is blank or incomplete, the specialist will register the claim if it is otherwise acceptable and there is no need to correspond with the applicant, and if an address is provided in space 12. If no address is provided the registration specialist will communicate with the applicant to obtain the address, which may delay the examination of the application. If the signature is handwritten it must be accompanied by the typed or printed name of that person. The applicant may be either the owner of the mask work or the duly authorized agent of the owner. However, if the application provides a certification date later than the receipt date or precedes the date of first commercial exploitation, the registration specialist will communicate with the applicant to confirm the facts stated on the application. Copyright Office received other claims from the same applicant with space 12 is completed, the registration specialist may add the same address with an annotation and may register the claim without communicating with the applicant. If the address can be determined with certainty from space 4, space 6, or from a cover letter, the specialist may add that address to space 12 with an annotation without communicating with the applicant. Otherwise, the registration specialist will communicate with the applicant to obtain the correct address, provided a telephone number, mailing address, or email address has been given in space 9 of the application. The term includes an offer to sell or transfer the mask work when the offer is in writing and occurs after the mask work is fixed in the semiconductor chip product. Where an applicant makes a claim that the identifying materials normally required to be deposited contain information that is subject to trade secret protection, certain material may be withheld from the deposit of identifying material. A discussion of identifying material for commercially exploited mask works containing trade secrets is set forth in Section 1213. A discussion of identifying material for mask works that have not been commercially exploited but contain trade secret material is set forth in Section 1213. All visually perceptible representations should be reproduced at a magnification sufficient to reveal the basic circuitry design of the mask work and should be at least twenty times the actual size. Poor resolution plots will be questioned, which could delay the effective date of registration. Large visually perceptible materials are acceptable if they can be folded or cut into a roughly 8Ѕ inches by 11 inches format and are storable in a 12 inches by 15 inches envelope. Copyright Office will accept the deposit of loose chips in plastic containers or plastic bags, defective chips (commonly marked with a dot on the surface of the chip), and chips in pronged housings. Chips that do not appear to be integrated into a semiconductor substrate will be questioned. Regarding the visually perceptible representations, the applicant may elect to deposit plastic color overlays, composite plots, or photographs of each layer of the mask work, or any combination thereof. Specifically, the identifying portions should consist of (i) a printout of the mask work design data pertaining to each withheld layer, reproduced in microform, or (ii) visually perceptible representations, such as sets of plastic color overlay sheets, drawings or plots in composite form on a single sheet or on separate sheets, or photographs of each layer of the masks in which portions maintained under a claim of trade secrecy are blocked out, provided that the remaining portions are greater than the blocked out portions. Regarding the visually perceptible representations, the applicant may elect to deposit plastic color overlays, composite plots, or photographs of each layer of the mask work, and any combination thereof. The representation may consist of any combination of the following: Plastic color overlay sheets. If needed, additional explanatory material may accompany the visually perceptible representation to identify all the elements in the mask work contribution. The request must contain the following: the specific reasons why the request should be granted. Copyright Office will retain copies of all deposits for registered claims for the entire term of protection. In such cases, the courier will be directed to deliver these packages to the offsite mail processing center. Copyright Office, no corrections or amplifications can be made to the information contained in the registration record for a completed mask work registration. In particular, a supplementary registration cannot be used to correct or amplify the information set forth in this type of registration. If appropriate, the Office will correct the mistake and issue a new certificate to the correspondent named in the certificate. The legal requirements for vessel design protection differ from those for copyright protection in terms of eligibility for protection, ownership rights, registration procedures, term of protection, and remedies for rights violations. Ornamental two- and three-dimensional decorations on or in the surfaces of the deck or hull might be copyrightable, but the deck and hull themselves are not. Chapter 13 of Title 17 does not provide, extend, or limit copyright protection for drawings, models, or statuaries of vessels. For more information on protection for ornamental designs, drawings, and other visual arts works, see Chapter 900. An article which normally is part of a useful article shall be deemed to be a useful article. Specifically, Chapter 13 protects the original design of the shape of a vessel hull, deck, or a combination of the two, which makes the article in which the design is incorporated attractive or distinctive in appearance to the purchasing or using public.

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Although the etiology of the angiopathy is not known arthritis in knee leg pain buy discount medrol 4 mg on-line, an autoimmune mechanism is suspected. Differential diagnosis the diagnosis should always be suspected in any young person with stroke (Brey et al. Differential diagnosis Both multiple sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus may be considered; however, the hearing loss and visual disturbances suggest the correct diagnosis. Treatment Steroids or immunosuppressants, such as cyclophosphamide, are beneficial. In the vast majority of cases, limbic encephalitis occurs on a paraneoplastic basis, most often in patients with small-cell lung cancer, and serum samples will be positive for typical anti-neuronal antibodies, such as anti-Hu. Recent work has demonstrated, however, that in a very small minority, limbic encephalitis exists as a non-paraneoplastic disorder associated with the presence of anti-voltage-gated potassium channel antibodies. The syndrome is also referred to as retinocochleocerebral vasculopathy, a term that, although cumbersome, nicely summarizes the structures involved. Clinical features Classically one sees the subacute onset of a delirium, often accompanied by headache, in the setting of sensorineuronal hearing loss and visual disturbances (Aubart-Cohen et al. Clinical features the onset of symptoms is typically subacute, spanning days or weeks (Alamowitch et al. Importantly, limbic encephalitis is often the presenting symptom of cancer (Alamowitch et al. In cases that occur on a paraneoplastic basis, one may also see other paraneoplastic syndromes (Alamowitch et al. In paraneoplastic cases, various tumors have been found, including cancer of the lung (most commonly of the small-cell type) (Alamowitch et al. Although there is an association between certain anti-neuronal antibodies and certain types of cancer. Given this overlap, it is appropriate to test for the entire range of known anti-neuronal antibodies. It must also be kept in mind that new anti-neuronal antibodies are routinely discovered and, consequently, negative tests for known anti-neuronal antibodies do not rule out the diagnosis (Ances et al. Once the diagnosis of limbic encephalitis has been made, it is essential to find the tumor. As noted earlier, in the vast majority of cases this inflammation occurs on a paraneoplastic basis, with antibodies raised against the cancer cross-reacting with normal neuronal tissue. Differential diagnosis Although limbic encephalitis immediately comes to mind in patients with known cancer who develop delirium with p 17. As noted earlier, in most cases limbic encephalitis precedes other evidence of cancer and hence in most cases the differential is wider, as discussed in Section 5. Treatment Although treatment of the underlying cancer in paraneoplastic cases should be undertaken, it appears that, even with successful treatment, limbic encephalitis undergoes remission in only a minority of cases (Burton et al. Consequently, other modalities must be considered; although there are no controlled studies, various treatments, alone or in combination, are utilized, including steroids, immunosuppressants. In addition to a granulomatous basilar meningitis, granulomas may also be found scattered throughout the cerebrum, with a special predilection for the hypothalamus and pituitary. Sarcoidosis is somewhat more common in females than males; in the United States it is far more common in black people than white people, and in Europe those from northern countries are more commonly affected. Clinical features Although onset in adolescence or the middle or later years may occur, most patients fall ill in their twenties or thirties. The onset itself is often gradual, and many cases are discovered serendipitously when a chest radiograph reveals pulmonary findings characteristic of the disease. Although sarcoidosis may be protean in its manifestations, certain presentations deserve note. Perhaps 90 percent of patients will have pulmonary involvement, which may manifest clinically with symptoms such as cough or dyspnea, or may be asymptomatic and discovered only incidentally by chest radiograph, which may reveal bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy or a diffuse reticulonodular appearance. Other symptoms include erythema nodosum, lupus pernio, lymphadenopathy, arthropathy, and parotid gland enlargement. Hepatic involvement occurs in almost three-quarters of patients although hepatic failure is rare. Hypercalcemia occurs in a majority of cases, and some patients may develop nephrocalcinosis and eventual renal failure. Involvement of the nervous system occurs in anywhere from 5 to 25 percent of patients, and in a very small minority of cases it may represent the only manifestation of sarcoidosis. The overall symptomatology of neurosarcoidosis has been described in a number of reports (Chapelon et al. With a basilar meningitis, cranial neuropathies may occur, and with obstruction of the outflow foramina of the fourth ventricle, hydrocephalus may occur; involvement of arteries may be followed by stroke. Cerebral involvement may be characterized by multiple granulomas or by relatively few large lesions, or even by a solitary lesion; in these cases there may be dementia, delirium, seizures, or focal signs. The cord may also be compressed and the peripheral nervous system is often involved. Cranial neuropathies occur in approximately one-half of all cases and, although various of the cranial nerves may be involved (Symonds 1958), one most commonly sees a peripheral facial palsy, which may be unilateral or bilateral (Scott 1993; Sharma and Sharma 1991). The eighth cranial nerve may also be involved with deafness, as may the optic nerve or chiasm with blindness or hemianopia. Hydrocephalus occurs in about 5 percent of cases and may present with dementia and a gait disturbance. Stroke is rare in sarcoidosis and appears to generally present with a lacunar syndrome (Brown et al.

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The office provides space and clerical services to the Board of Barber Examiners arthritis in back relief generic 16mg medrol free shipping, Board of Examining Engineers, Board of Examiners of Motion Picture Machine Operators, Board of Electrical Examiners and Supervisors, and Board of Commissioners of Practical Plumbing. Preston Street, Baltimore 1 Telephone: Vernon 7-9000 the Board of Electrical Examiners and Supervisors, established in 1906, consists of five members appointed by the Governor for twoyear terms. The Board examines all persons for certificates of proficiency as master electrician. No one may install electrical lighting or wiring, or conductors for electrical light, heat, or power except under the supervision of a licensed master electrician. The Board also adopts regulations for placing, installing, and operating electrical wires, appliances, and apparatus in Baltimore City (Acts 1906, chap. Preston Street, Baltimore 1 Telephone: Vernon 7-9000 the Board of Examining Engineers, established in 1892, consists of two members appointed by the Governor for two-year terms. Those appointed must have had experience operating steam engines, boilers, and stationary or portable engines. The Board examines applicants for certificates of proficiency to operate stationary or portable engines in Baltimore City, and all such certificates must come before the Board for renewal each year. The Board also periodically inspects all industries and places of business where licensed engineers are employed to ensure compliance with the law (Acts 1910, chap. Preston Street, Baltimore 1 Telephone: Vernon 7-9000 the Board of Examining Moving Picture Machine Operators consists of three members appointed by the Governor for two-year terms. The Board examines, licenses, and supervises operators of moving picture machines in Baltimore City only. Applicants are eligible for examination after six months work under a licensed operator, and examinations are both written and practical. The Board has power to suspend and revoke licenses, which must be renewed annually. He appoints two members biennially from a list of four practicing dentists furnished by the Maryland State Dental Association. The Dental Practice Act of the State provides that this Board regulate the practice of dentistry by testing the qualifications of candidates for licenses in dentistry and in dental hygiene. All applicants for licenses to practice dentistry must be at least twenty-one years of age and graduates of dental colleges duly incorporated to grant degrees in Dental Surgery by the laws of one of the United States or Canada. All applicants for a license to practice dental hygiene must be graduates of a school for dental hygienists requiring at least two years of study and approved by the State Board of Dental Examiners. Preston Street, Baltimore 1 Telephone: Vernon 7-9000 the first board for the examining and licensing of plumbers in Maryland was established in 1886 with jurisdiction limited to Baltimore City. The Board is composed of five members appointed by the Governor for two-year terms. One member must be from Western Maryland, one from Southern Maryland, one from the Eastern Shore, and two from Baltimore. Appeals from the results of examinations may be taken to a board of arbiters, composed of one member appointed by the appellant, one by the Commission, and a third by the other two members of the arbitration board. All members of the Board must be certified plumbers within the State (Code 1957, Art. Barry, Executive Secretary 1215 Cathedral Street, Baltimore 1 Telephone: Mulberry 5-5587 the practice of Medicine was first regulated in Maryland by an Act of Assembly of 1888, which required that the State Board of Health license all physicians. In 1892 the General Assembly created two Boards of Medical Examiners to carry on this function, one to represent the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty and the other the State Homeopathic Society. The Legislature of 1957 abolished the Homeopathic Board and the practice of medicine in Maryland is now regulated by one Board, composed of eight members elected from and by the members of the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty (State Medical Society). The Board tests and licenses physicians for the legal practice of medicine in this State and for certain causes may revoke the license of any physician. Candidates for licenses must be graduates of medical schools approved by the American Medical Association and the Association of American Medical Colleges, or of foreign medical schools that offer an equivalent education. All graduates of foreign medical schools who apply after January 1, 1959, must pass the examination given by the Educational Council for Foreign Medical Graduates. The Board determines qualifications for practice by (1) its own written examination; or (2) endorsement of licenses obtained in a reciprocating state; or (3) endorsement of a certificate of the National Board of Medical Examiners. The Board passes upon the qualifications of candidates for licenses to practice veterinary medicine in the State and examines such persons. It may conduct hearings and pass upon complaints of illegal or unethical practices and may institute proceedings in the courts against those engaged in illegal practice (Code 1957, Art. Pullen, Clerk to the Board 900 Maryland Trust Building, Baltimore 2 Telephone: Plaza 2-1630 the Courts of the Province were first authorized to examine persons seeking to practice law in 1715 (Acts 1715, chap. The examination of attorneys remained as a function of the several courts of the State until 1898, when the Legislature created the State Board of Law Examiners. The Board is composed of three members appointed by the Judges of the Court of Appeals. Twice yearly, in the City of Baltimore during the months of March and July, the Board examines all persons wishing to practice law in the State. It also passes upon the petitions of attorneys from other states and territories desiring admittance to the Maryland Bar in accordance with rule fourteen of the Board. The Board passes upon appeals from the findings and recommendations of the Character Committees of the various counties and the City of Baltimore. In addition, it accredits universities and colleges in the State of Maryland for pre-legal training and prescribes the necessary courses of study for law students. Students expecting to study law in anticipation of practicing in Maryland must register their intentions with the Board. The Court of Appeals formulates the rules of the Board, but the Board may prescribe rules for the conduct of examinations, providing such rules do not conflict with those made by the Court (Code 1957, Art.

The East Coast and West Coast editions of Show Biz Daily could not be registered as a group arthritis relief miracle review buy discount medrol 4 mg online, although they could be registered as two separate groups. Consult the help text that accompanies the online application for guidance in determining whether the fonts have been properly embedded. For step-by-step instructions on how to upload files to the electronic registration system, consult the tutorial on the U. Copyright Office recognizes that there may be cases where a publisher may not have a digital copy of their issues or may find it difficult to create a digital copy for purposes of seeking a group registration. A request for special relief must be made in writing, and it should explain why the applicant is unable to upload digital files that satisfy the deposit requirements described in Section 1108. Newspapers are typically created using digital publishing software, even though the issue itself may be distributed in a physical form. The Office may accept an electronic file that was used to create the physical copy, if it contains a complete copy of the issue and satisfies the other legal and formal requirements for this group registration option. The application may be submitted by the author/claimant for the newspaper issues, the owner of any of the exclusive rights in the issues, or a duly authorized agent of these parties. The application for group newspapers does not contain spaces where the applicant can provide information regarding the individual contributions appearing within each issue, such as title, author, or copyright transfer information. Next, the applicant should select "Daily Newspapers" from the options listed in the drop down menu marked Type of Group. Although the application is labeled "daily newspapers, " this form may be used to register any newspaper that satisfies the definition set forth in Section 1108. In addition, the applicant should identify the city and state where the newspaper was published. If the issues were not published in a particular city or state, the applicant may provide the name of the country where the issues were published. The applicant should provide this information on the Title screen in the fields marked "Title of Newspaper, " "City/State, " and "Month/Year. If the applicant intends to submit "local editions" that were published within the same metropolitan area, the applicant should identify the city, town, or municipality served by that newspaper. If a specific edition statement appears on each issue (such as "Late Edition" or "Final Edition"), this information may be provided on the title screen in the field marked "Edition. If the issues were published in different months or different years, the registration specialist will refuse to register the claim. For example, if the issues were published on a daily basis in March 2018, the applicant should enter "03/01/2018" for the earliest issue in the group and "03/31/2018" for the most recent issue in the group. If the applicant fails to complete this portion of the application, the claim will not be accepted by the electronic registration system. Copyright Office will use this information to determine if the issues are eligible for copyright protection in the United States. For a definition and discussion of nation of first publication, see Chapter 600, Section 612. On the Publication screen, the applicant should specify the total number of issues that will be submitted by selecting the appropriate number from the drop down menu marked "Number of Issues in this Group. Each issue must be an all-new collective work that has not been published before, and the claim in each issue must be limited to the collective work. When the application is submitted, the term "collective work authorship" will be added automatically to the form. A claim in the "collective work" also covers the authorship in the individual articles, photographs, illustrations, or other contributions included within each issue ­ if they were first published in that issue and if they are fully owned by the author/claimant when the application is filed. In addition, the applicant should check the box that reads, "I certify that I am the author, copyright claimant, or owner of exclusive rights, or the authorized agent of the author, copyright claimant, or owner of exclusive rights of this work and that the information given in this application is correct to the best of my knowledge. First, a group registration may be used to satisfy the statutory requirements for instituting an infringement action involving any of the newspaper issues that were included within the group, or any of the individual contributions appearing within those issues-provided that the copyright claimant fully owned those contributions at the time the application was submitted, and provided that the contributions were first published in one of those issues. Specifically, a certificate of registration "constitute[s] prima facie evidence of the validity of the copyright and of the facts stated in the certificate. A group registration thus creates a presumption that the claimant owns the copyright in each issue listed in the certificate, and a presumption that the copyright law protects each issue as a whole. Finally, the group as a whole is not considered a compilation, a collective work, or a derivative work. Instead, the group is merely an administrative classification created solely for the purpose of registering multiple collective works with one application and one filing fee. The chronological selection, coordination, and arrangement of the issues within the group is entirely dictated by the regulatory requirements for this option. Likewise, when a group of newspaper issues are combined for the purpose of facilitating registration, those works are not "recast, transformed, or adapted" in any way, and the group as a whole is not "a work based upon one or more preexisting works" because there is no copyright authorship in simply collecting a month of issues and arranging them in chronological order. For information concerning the group registration options for serials and newspapers, see Sections 1107 and 1108. For a general overview of the similarities and differences among the group registration options for serials, newspapers, and newsletters, see Section 1116. For information concerning the group registration option for contributions to periodicals, see Section 1110. For purposes of this group registration option, a newsletter is defined as a serial that is published and distributed by mail, electronic media, or other medium, including paper, email, or download. Newsletters are typically sold by subscription, but they are not sold on newsstands or through other retail outlets. Copyright Office, provided that the following conditions have been met: Each issue in the group must be a newsletter as defined in Section 1109. Each issue must be an all-new collective work or an all-new issue that has not been published before. Each issue must be fixed and distributed as a discrete, self-contained work, as described in Section 1109. The author(s) and the copyright claimant(s) for all of the issues must be the same person or organization.

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